The Different Components Of A Computer

What Is A Computer system?

A computer is any kind of machine that can be programmed to accomplish a set of algorithms and arithmetic instructions.

Obviously, the computer systems we think of today are a lot more than that and I am without a doubt speaking more than simply being devices made use of to play video games and enjoy videos of pet cats online!

Main Parts Of A Computer System System

Whether it’s a video gaming system or a home PC, the five main components that compose a common, contemporary pc consist of:

  1. Motherboard.
  2. Central Processor or CPU
  3. Video Processing Unit or GPU, additionally known as a video card or graphics card
  4. Random Access Memory also known as RAM, likewise called volatile memory
  5. Storage Space Disk Drive. This can be either a Solid State Drive (SSD) or a Hard Disk Drive (HDD)

In terms of construction, each of these primary components are attached to the motherboard and after that placed into a protective case resembling the tidy, sleek appearance most of us are accustomed to seeing.

Certain, many computer systems have their own distinctive layout, as well as different brand names of hardware mounted – however the elements provided above are basic across all computers.

A fast note before we dive into the details. I’m providing and talking about the different components of a computer system. This is never intended to be an invite to disassemble your computer system, neither is it a collection of directions to do so. Without the correct understanding, you can badly harm your computer and also notably, doing so is dangerous.


What is your motherboard? Just simply it is like this, all elements of a computer system connect through a circuit card referred to as the motherboard, as was stated earlier. What does a motherboard do? Think about the motherboard as the adhesive that holds all the things else together. The motherboard’s video card and CPU are held in an integrated or built-in chipset, received the picture shown. This is where input/output gadgets such as a keyboard, mouse, as well as audio speakers get plugged in.

CPU AKA Central Processing Unit

What is a CPU? The Central Processing Unit or CPU is frequently called the brain of a computer system, thanks to its direct plug connection to the motherboard, and interaction with all of the computer system’s other elements.

What is the feature of the CPU? Whenever you create a line of code (in C++, Python, Java or any other language), it is broken down into assembly language which is a language that the CPU can comprehend. It fetches, decodes, and also carries out these instructions. Which is where the CPU becomes involved as all the processes, program commands or instructions a computer system handles are taken cared of or executed by the CPU.

Graphics Processing Unit Or GPU

So what exactly is a Video Processing Unit? It’s not unusual to hear gamers obsess over the following brand-new graphics card, as these visuals cards make things possible for computer systems to generate high-end video or graphic like those found in the many different kinds of video games.

In addition to video games, however, excellent graphics cards additionally can be found in helpful for those that rely on images in order to implement their craft, like 3D modelers using resource-intensive software.

What is the Graphics Processing Unit responsible for? Graphics cards often communicate straight with the display monitor, indicating a $1,000 graphics card won’t be of much usage if there isn’t a high-end monitor linked to it.

RAM OR Random Access Memory

What is this Random Access Memory we speak of? Well additionally known as RAM, random access memory is also referred to as volatile memory, and it stores data concerning regularly accessed programs and processes. It’s called volatile or unstable memory due to the fact that it gets erased whenever the computer system restarts. And just what does RAM do? RAM aids programs and games start up and run promptly as it is storage for the CPU that can be accessed more quickly that data stored in the HDD or SSD.

Storage Space

All computers require somewhere to store their data. Modern-day computer systems either use a Disk drive (HDD) or Solid State Drive (SSD). HDDs are made of a real disk onto which data is stored. The disk is accessed and read by a mechanical arm. HDDs are more affordable than SSDs, however are slowly coming to be increasingly more obsolete.

SSDs (visualize USB flash drives) have no moving parts and are quicker to read and write than a traditional hard disk, since no time at all is invested awaiting a mechanical arm to find information on a physical place on the hard drive.